Within Chinese communism Marxism is considered to be the basic theory set down by Karl Marx, the unchanging and universally true principles, while Maothought is the application of those principles to the specific circumstances of China. Marxism is the pure theory and Maothought is the applied theory or practical ideology. Maothought represents the thought of Mao Zedong and has been described as the “Sinification” of Marxism, or, since Mao’s knowledge of Marxism was largely derived from Russian sources, as the Sinification of the “Russification” of Marxism. Questions have been raised regarding the validity of Maothought as a variant of Marxism given its significant departures from Marx’s ideas.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Mao Zedong — (1893–1976)    Chinese Marxism is dominated by the figure of Mao Zedong who was its foremost political leader and theoretician during his lifetime, and remains hugely influential. Born into a peasant family in Hunan province, he was politically… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • China, People’s Republic Of —    Having come to power in the 1949 Chinese Revolution, Mao Zedong’s Chinese Communist Party (CCP) set about steering the world’s most densely populated country toward his and their own vision of Marxism. Eternally influenced by the tenets of… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Maoism —    The unofficial term for Maothought or the ideas and politics of Mao Zedong. The principal themes are an emphasis on voluntarism, dialectical philosophy especially the theme of contradictions, a class analysis that focuses on the attitudinal… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism